| BLACK FIRSTS|
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In 1958, Ella Fitzgerald became the first black female singer to win a grammy award
- L. Douglass Wilder became the first elected governor in the United States becoming the 66th governor of Virginia
on January 13th 1990.
- In 1964, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr become Time Magazine's first African American man of the year. Also in the same year, he became the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr was also the first black American to be honored by a national holiday.
- In 1895, Buddy Bolden became the first musician to play what we know today as jazz music.
- In 1940, Hatti McDaniel was the first black woman to win an Oscar Award for best supporting actress for her role in the movie "Gone With The Wind."
- In 1984, VAnessa Williams became the first African American Woman to win the Miss America Pageant.
- In 1984, The Alvin Ailey Dance Theatre was the first black modern dance team to have a live performance in the renowned Metropolitan Opera House in New York City.
- On October 7, 1993, Novelist, Toni Morrison was the first black woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in Literature by the Swedish Academy of Letters.